This paper on the advent of the Japanese Education system in Taiwan and the debate over full integration of Taiwan into Japan versus a Crown Colonial State is a pretty good and interesting one:
Isawa also tried to make The Imperial Rescript on Education the core of the Taiwanese education. However, those ethical mandates in the Rescript like 'respect the Constitution' and 'should emergency arise, offer yourselves courageously to the State' were not only absent from Confucian teaching, but also inconsistent with the fact that Taiwanese had no citizens' rights and duties. In addition, phrases like 'Our Imperial Ancestors' had the distinct possibility of arousing hostility in the Taiwanese toward the clearly implied exclusiveness of the 'same blood' community. Although the Rescript contained some Confucian terminology, there was a vast hiatus between the imperialistic Rescript and the cosmopolitan Confucian classics. Thus, from an ideological perspective, Isawa's policy of fusion can be considered as confused and contradictory amalgam.
It says in there somewhere that besides the Schools at Shi-Da, they established 16 elementary schools in the late to early years of the 19th and 20th centuries.