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Old Pictures of Taipei

Moderator: hansioux

Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby hannes » 13 Oct 2015, 15:00

hansioux wrote:
jesus80 wrote:
hansioux wrote:That's not a Japanese soldier by the way. It's one of those Aiyung, private aboriginal containment militias. The taker of the picture wasn't sure of the person was an ethic Han or Sinitized Pingpu Aboriginal.

What is an Aiyung soldier? I couldn't find anything in google..


Aiyung (隘勇, Barrier Volunteers)

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%9A%98%E5%8B%87

Only has the entry in Chinese. After Qing's acquisition of west coast Taiwan, the Qing government drew a line, the thóo-gû-kau (土牛溝, Dirt bull ditch), between the Qing territory and the Aboriginal territory. It's prevents ethnic Han from grabbing and developing Aboriginal owned lands, and at the same time tried to keep the Aboriginals confined and minimize attacks.

Image
Red line depicts thóo-gû-kau of that certain period

However, the divide didn't really function all that well. Han merchant groups continue to grab lands from the Aboriginals in order to gain access to valuable resources such as deer skin, farm land and camphor. As they do this, the wronged Aboriginal would head hunt according to their tradition. So Han merchant groups would hire militias to secure their interests, and these militias were referred to as Aiyungs.

A famous merchant group is called Jin-Guang-Fu (金廣福), which is a joint Hakka and Holo effort, to develop Saisiyat territory Rakkus, present day Beipu (北埔). It's a popular tourist spot in Beipu today.

There are many location around Taiwan named after the thóo-gû-kau or Aiyung bases. New Taipei's Tucheng district (土城) for example, is so named because it was once the line that divides Han and Aboriginals. There are many places named Ai-liao (隘寮) or Ai-men (隘門) around Taiwan, that were militia posts. The Japanese continued the Ai-yung practise for a while until they replaced all militia with regular Japanese police.

By the way, Beipu's original name, Rakkus, means Camphor trees in Saisiyat. The name Aiyung derived from the first Sinitized name for Beipu, Da-ai Bei-pu (大隘北埔), where Da-ai seems to be the phonetic translation for the Saisiyat legend, Ta'ay, the magical little black people.


Fascinating stuff, keep it coming, professor! :)
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby jesus80 » 13 Oct 2015, 17:04

That's a good, clear explanation (or it sounds like it :D). Thanks a lot.
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby hansioux » 04 Nov 2015, 10:35

http://www.taiwancon.com/202085/%E5%9C% ... 1%A3-2.htm
http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/politics/paper/915869

This one is from the March 1920 edition of National Geography.

Image

By then Taiwan has been under Japanese rule for 25 years. The western railway has been online since 1908. The rail to Alisan has been running since 1911. Taiwan's sugar began exporting to the US since 1917, and in 1920 they opened a new airport in Pingdong.

The article was written by Alice Ballantine Kirjassoff, who landed in Jilong and proclaimed it the second wettest port in the world. Alice took the rail way to Taipei, where the weather was great. She found Taipei refreshingly modern for an Asian city, but couldn't get used to the noise of weddings and religious ceremonies.

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Unknown gate, perhaps somewhere in Taoyuan.

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Atayal or Seediq children taking a music class

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Tamsui river near Dadaocheng, where a levee was being built

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Tea packaging

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Those canon ball looking things are imported opium

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Alice referred to them as a Taiwanese Jazz band

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Taipei after a Typhoon

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Your average Taiwanese village skull rack

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Pingpu Aboriginals

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Aboriginals carrying water in these huge bamboos
Don't confuse me with your reasonableness.
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby ranlee » 02 Dec 2015, 14:14

This just popped up on my FB newsfeed and thought it'd be nice to share.

http://www.travelog.me/articles/Taipei_Past_and_Present_See_How_Much_the_City_Has_Changed
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby hannes » 01 Mar 2016, 17:50

Image

This exhibition probably has some good ones. It's about the old railway line from Taipei to Tamsui.
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby Tempo Gain » 01 Mar 2016, 18:03

Nice, will definitely check that out.
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby hansioux » 03 Mar 2016, 13:30

Now there's an app for this...

https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... ricalmappp

Image

The app is called Taipei Historical Maps, from Academia Sinica no less. It not only give you old maps, but also can match up historical photos with street view.

They also have one for Tainan.

Taipei Historical Maps
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... oricalmaps

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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby ranlee » 18 Mar 2016, 17:05

American GI took a trip through Taiwan before his tour in Vietnam.

These are very impressive.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/ssave/sets/72157629614223387/
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby hansioux » 18 Mar 2016, 17:45

ranlee wrote:American GI took a trip through Taiwan before his tour in Vietnam.

These are very impressive.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/ssave/sets/72157629614223387/


https://www.flickr.com/photos/ssave/699 ... 614223387/
that's the original Grand Hotel, before they erase all of what's left of the Japanese shrine.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/ssave/699 ... 614223387/
that's an absolutely hilarious slogan
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Re: Old Pictures of Taipei

Postby ranlee » 21 Mar 2016, 14:36

hansioux wrote:https://www.flickr.com/photos/ssave/699 ... 614223387/
that's the original Grand Hotel, before they erase all of what's left of the Japanese shrine.


So...most of it has been demolished? I feel like the current grand hotel is at a higher elevation than the one in the picture.

You can also see that MRT line was originally a railroad line too. Is there a thread here (or maybe a blog post somewhere) about how they converted the railroad to MRT? I'd be really interested to see how that was done.
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