sorry for bringing back such an old thread but it seems like this situation would apply to me. I am 29 now, was born pre-1984 in Taiwan. Came to the States when I was 4, naturalized in the US at 12. My original passport from Taiwan had both passport and ID numbers on there. I just renewed my passport and waiting for it to get back to me as I am planning on moving back to Taiwan. I wanted to make sure that I was able to obtain an ID card without having to do the 1 year residency deal since I would have to leave every 4 months to avoid conscription. Anyone know for sure that I would be able to get my ID with no problem and not have to stay a year for residency?
Efuma wrote:After I decided to relocate to Taiwan from California, I spent quite a bit of time researching information on how to properly secure the proper and most optimal paperwork to be able to live and work in Taiwan. During my searches, there were oftentimes conflicting information on this and other forums and on other governmental sites that really made a mess of what turned out to be very simple procedures for myself.
I will now summarize my experience to hopefully guide some of you in similar situations. Please note that I am over 36 years old; therefore, I am no longer obligated to perform any military service for Taiwan.
Who am I:
I am a 37 years old male naturalized U.S. citizen who was born in Taiwan. I left Taiwan when I was 10 years old and have stayed in the States ever since then.
A new Taiwan R.O.C. passport:
I used to have an overseas Taiwan R.O.C. passport that did not have ID number on it. When I renewed the passport, the nice lady at TECO LA was kind enough to type in my ID number. My proof for this ID number was a 20+ year copy of a copy of my old houkou book. I didn't know that Taiwan ID number was assigned as soon as someone is born in Taiwan and is entered into his parents houkou.
Entry into Taiwan:
To re-establish my houkou, I had to enter Taiwan on my overseas Taiwan passport.
The quest for two I.D.s:
As soon as I arrived, I went to the local houkou office with my aunt. There were actually two ways to reestablish Houkou: I can simply add my name to my aunt's houkou or I could establish a houkou of my own. I obviously just wanted my own houkou. There was an additional criteria in order to have your own houkou. One of several conditions(proof of property ownership, proof of rental ( rental agreement, utility bills) or having the cops come over and check out that you actually live there) had to be met. My aunt had her deeds with her. So I was able to establish my own houkou with that. In about one hour, I left with my very first Taiwan ID card.
Since I wanted to do everything in Taiwan with my Taiwan ID card, I ran into a few problem regarding the Island's infamous rule of two. Apparently, personal identifications (ones with photos) must come in twos. The three accepted photo IDs for a Taiwan citizen are the Taiwan ID card, Taiwan Driver's License and the National Health Insurance Card. I had hoped just the Taiwan ID card alone would be enough for me to open a bank account, but the two banks I tried would not have it.
National Health Insurance Card is a little hard to get. I either have to be employed and have my employer apply for it, or I have to wait four months before I can apply as an unemployed Taiwanese.
Driver's License is a lot easier to get. Since I have a Taiwan ID card, I can exchange my California driver's license for a Taiwan DL. Having the Taiwan ID card also meant I didn't have to worry about any reciprocity rules. The only hard part was getting the license notarized by a TECO office or AIT. Tomorrow, I have a notarization appointment at the AIT. Hopefully, I'll have my Taiwan DL by tomorrow night. With it, I'll can pretty much do anything in Taiwan that requires two official IDs.
I did run into a little problem regarding my new cell number. There was apparently a lapse between the issuance of a Taiwan ID and distribution of that information onto the official databases. When the cellular store manager tried to verify my Taiwan ID (They were willing to accept my houkou book as Secondary ID), he could not find the information. He told me that there might be a 3-4 days wait before their computers pick up that information. So new cell phone was a no go. He tried to submit my U.S. passport (expired) and my California DL, but that plan was foiled because of the expired status. So I guess I'm waiting for a few days.
I was actually a little surprised that the process is as simple as what I described above. I had read somewhere that overseas Chinese must jump through hoops (health exam, criminal background check, guarantor) before becoming eligible to apply for houkou & id card AFTER one year of jobless residence. Thankfully, I'm not one of them, even though I have a passport that says I'm an overseas Chinese.
For people in situation like mine, you can all relax. Apparently, we never left, and can start our new/old life as bonafide ID carryin' Chinese citizen in Taiwan immediately.