raymondaliasapollyon wrote:Do you have records showing that in 1945, any attempt to form a civil government was muffled by the ROC armed forces?
No, and I can't find any records of the ROC armed forces interfering in any balloon races, either.
raymondaliasapollyon wrote:On the other hand, there are records indicating the warm welcome the Taiwanese people gave to the nationalist government in 1945.
I don't know about records, but here's a little testimony:
--George Kerr, Formosa BetrayedFormosan enthusiasm for "liberation" lasted about six weeks. Posters began to appear here and there lampooning Nationalist soldiers and showing Chen Yi as a fat pig. He was in fact short and fat, beady-eyed and heavy-jowled, an easy target for caricature. "Dogs go and pigs come!" was scrawled up everywhere on Taipei's walls and heard everywhere in private conversation. "At least the Japanese dogs protected the property!"
This might help explain why there might not have been excessive activism at the time:
--Ibid.It was soon established that the Americans were working with the Generalissimo's dread Bureau of Investigation and Statistics or BIS, known to Americans in wartime China as "Chiang's Gestapo." Under General Tai Li the BIS investigations were known to be sometimes very brief and at bayonetpoint. On the mainland Tai Li's first duties were to eliminate Chiang's personal enemies and more important critics and to weaken political opposition through methods of terror. As a wartime measure President Roosevelt had approved a secret agreement enabling certain American cloak-and-dagger groups to work closely with the BIS.
On Formosa the Americans served merely as a front for the activities - the "investigations" - of Colonel Chang and Mayor Huang of Amoy. The latter were probing the local political situation, noting the names and records of Formosan leaders who had shown themselves bold enough to demand a voice in local government under the Japanese administration. Such men would bear watching. They were also taking notes on wealthy Formosans who might be worth blackmailing at a later date under charges of "collaboration with the enemy."
raymondaliasapollyon wrote:Communist influence on Taiwan during that time wasn't a mere 'scare'.
It was a reality. You should read some history about Xuehong Xie (謝雪紅).
Looks like she was about as much of a threat to the Kuomintang as Che was to the Bolivian government:
But if one is looking for reds under the beds, one need look no further than Chen Yi, former Kuomintang governor of Taiwan:
--Kerr, ibid.In January, 1949, Chiang's agents discovered that Chen Yi was dickering with Hsieh Nan-kuang, the turncoat Formosan who had so bemused American intelligence officers at Chungking (Chongqing) in wartime and had briefly represented the Nationalists at Tokyo during the Occupation. Now he was deeply committed to the Communists. It is alleged that Chen Yi was talking of a new form of Necessary State Socialism for Chekiang Province, under the Communist regime.
--Ibid.In a spectacular bid for favor Chiang at last ordered the execution of his old friend General Chen Yi. It was announced that he was being punished for his abuse of the Formosan people in 1946 and 1947. Rallies were organized, a ration of fireworks was issued to make a gala occasion, and on June 16, after a year in prison contemplating this event, Chen Yi was taken before the firing squad.
The Formosans were glad to see him go but as they set match to the firecrackers, not a few remembered Chiang's praise of Chen Yi for a "job well done" in March, 1947.