I just wanted to clarify the information in this thread for others, especially foreigners who are interested in it.
There are three types of insurance that may be taken out of your pay in Taiwan:
1. Health Insurance - everyone pays this, local or foreign
2. Labor Insurance - everyone is eligible for this, although it seems like many people working at buxibans do not have it
3. Employment Insurance - only open to Taiwanese and spouses of Taiwanese
Maternity leave is paid through one's labor insurance. Since foreigners are eligible for labor insurance, they are able to claim this benefit. It is eight weeks paid leave; the amount one receives is the average salary amount over the previous 6 months x 2. However, one must be paying into the labor insurance system for at least a year before going on maternity leave to get it.
The new maternity leave that is mentioned is this thread is not maternity leave. It is parental leave. Parental leave can be either 6 months at 60% pay or 2 years at no pay. The big difference between this and the regular maternity leave is that parental leave is covered by employment insurance, not labor insurance, meaning that unless you are a Taiwan national or married to a Taiwan national, you are not eligible for this benefit. You must also pay into this system for at least a year before you can claim this benefit. Additionally, I believe that father's are able to make use parental leave as well, but the total time between the two parents is six months per child. So, the mom couldn't take 6 months, and then the father take another 6 months.
I hope that clears up any confusion.